Vietnam’s War Remnants Museum

HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam — The War Remnants Museum presents an important but one-sided history of the appalling legacy of the decades of war that have ravaged Vietnam.

Photo of Shells on display at War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

You don’t have to be in Vietnam long to see the scars of the decades of war the country has endured. Here the war isn’t known as the Vietnam War. It’s variously referred to as the “US War Against Vietnam,” the “US War in Vietnam,” the “US Aggressive War in Vietnam,” or the “American War.”

The scars aren’t just physical–although there are plenty of those. Vietnam may have defeated the United States, but it’s harder to say they won.

The War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City documents the costs of the war. It’s aimed squarely at foreign visitors–you won’t find many locals here. The tone isn’t one of victory, but one of victim. The museum amounts to an extensive catalog of the appalling legacy of war.

Outside the building is a range of American military hardware that had been captured or abandoned, much of it handed over to the South Vietnamese regime. There’s an F-111 fighter-bomber jet, Chinook helicopters, tanks, more planes, and a display of unexploded ordnance. Because so many of the items on display are American, if one was to squint and not read the text of the information boards, one could be forgiven for thinking this might be an American museum. It’s as if to say, “Look at all this technology and military firepower the Americans had. And yet they still lost.” That theme is reinforced inside with a table showing an accounting that shows just how much military hardware the United States poured in for its own use and for its South Vietnamese allies.

Outside the building, there’s also a display of the gruesome prison conditions set up first by the French colonial government and then adopted by the South Vietnamese government. Southeast Asia is not renowned for the comfort of its jails at the best of times, and these were particularly inhumane. There’s a guillotine–a frequent symbol of the French colonial years–some of the brutal tiger cages used for punishment, and several original cells into which far too many prisoners were crammed.

Inside the museum consists of rooms dedicated to a particular theme. There’s one on the effects of the use of Agent Orange and Napalm by American and South Vietnamese forces with graphic photos, one on the legacy of unexploded munitions, one on “Historical Truths,” and another on “Aggression and Atrocities.” There are showcases with American rifles and machine guns, American bullets and artillery shells, American uniforms and packs, and a large exhibit featuring photographs from war photographers around the world.

This is a museum run and sanctioned by the Vietnamese government and is an entirely one-sided affair, much of which falls squarely into propaganda territory. And inconvenient history is entirely absent–the museum does not, for example, detail the Communist forces’ treatment of those deemed “unpatriotic.” At the same time, there are basic facts that can’t be dismissed. The war had appalling consequences for the civilian population of Vietnam. Agent Orange and other chemical agents left a horrifying legacy. Unexploded ordnances continue to kill and maim people even today.

Yet there’s no real effort at objectivity. But the museum’s curators have gone to great lengths to create the illusion of it. It’s striking how American actions and words damned them and was used as fuel. Quotes by Senator Wayne Morse, a vocal critic of the Vietnam War on Capitol Hill, by Robert McNamara, Curtis LeMay, and President Eisenhower, are all featured prominently. And photographs, with their implication of “objective truth,” are used extensively throughout. They’re graphic and damning. And there’s a lot of them.

Throughout, the “patriots,” as North Vietnamese loyalists are called, are oddly absent. They are there in spirit throughout the museum, but there’s no real discussion of them or their methods–and certainly no celebration. They’re treated not as heroic but rather as stoic, as doing their duty for the greater good.

Photos of the War Remnants Museum

Photo of Rifles and Machine Guns on War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – Two visitors look at a glass case of some of the weapons used by American and South Vietnamese forces during the Vietnam War at the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of F-111 Bomber outside the War Remnants Museum Vietnam
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – An American F-111 bomber on display in the main coutyard outside the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of Effect of Agent Orange exhibit at War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – Visitors look at a panel of photographs of the effects of the use of Agent Orange during the Vietnam War on children born since. On display at the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of Howitzer exhibit at War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – At left, various field artillery pieces are on display in a room at the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of Agent Orange exhibit War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – A group of visitors to the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam, look at photos of the effects of Agent Orange during the Vietnam War.
Photo of War photographer exhibit at War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – An exhibit showcasing the work of international war photographers during the Vietnam War at the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of Chinook outside the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – An American Chinook helicopter on display outside the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of Photo exhibit at War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – Photos of effects of war on display at the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of ARMY stencil on Chinook outside the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – The “army” stencil on the outside of a an American Chinook helicopter at the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of Agent Orange Aftermath exhibit at War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – The entrance to an exhibit on the effects of Agent Orange at the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of Guillotine and Tiger Cage from Prison at War Remnants Museum Ho Chi Minh City
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – A French guillotine and tiger cage as part of an exhibit showing the prison conditions for political prisoners during the French Colonial period. War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of Exhibit Room at War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – A exhibit room of photos and posters at the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Tiger Cages at the War Remnants Museum
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – The War Remnants Museum in downtown Ho Chi Minh includes a replica of a section of a South Vietnamese jail. This shot shows some of the small, barbed wire cages known as Tiger Cages, used for punishment in colonial prisons. The cage in front was designed to hold 2-3 people lying on the ground. The one in the back was designed to 5-7 people.
Photo of Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) in War Remnants Museum Ho Chi Minh City
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – Large unexploded ordnance of bombs and missiles on display at the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.
Photo of Outside of War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
HO CHI MINH CITY, Vietnam – The exterior of the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam. In the foreground is part of a US Air Force F-111 bomber airplane.

What to Know Before You Go

Captions on exhibits are in Vietnamese and English.

It’s not a big museum. You can easily move through it in an hour or two.

You’ll get more out of it if you read about Vietnam War before you go. Much of the text crosses squarely into propaganda territory, but it does so with actual evidence. It can’t simply be dismissed, but it also can’t be taken at face value. If you’ve done your own research, you’ll be better informed to make up your own mind.

While acknowledging that it’s an important topic, on balance, the museum isn’t really kid-friendly. Kids will probably get a kick out of the planes, helicopters, and tanks, in the courtyard. The jail replica is disturbing, but not necessarily more so than a trip to the Tower of London with its graphic torture devices. But the photos on the museum’s upper floors, showing the effects of Agent Orange and unexploded ordnance, are very graphic indeed and likely to be pretty disturbing for kids. But ultimately that’s of course for individual parents to decide.

About the War Remnants Museum

  • The War Remnants Museum is located in Ho Chi Minh City, formerly known as Saigon, in Vietnam.
  • The museum was established in 1975, just months after the end of the Vietnam War, and was initially called the “Exhibition House for U.S. and Puppet Crimes.”
  • In 1990, the museum was renamed the “War Remnants Museum” to reflect the changing political climate and to promote a more inclusive approach to the war’s history.
  • The museum primarily focuses on the Vietnam War and the Indochina Wars, showcasing the devastating effects of war on both soldiers and civilians.
  • The War Remnants Museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts, photographs, and documents related to the wars, including military equipment, weapons, and personal belongings of those affected.
  • The museum features a large display of military vehicles and aircraft, such as tanks, helicopters, and fighter jets used by both sides during the conflict.
  • The museum also features exhibits on the impact of chemical warfare, particularly the use of Agent Orange and its devastating consequences on the Vietnamese population and the environment.
  • There are also sections of the museum dedicated to the international anti-war movement and the efforts of journalists and photographers who documented the war.
  • In recent years, the museum has also incorporated exhibits related to the broader impact of wars and conflicts around the world.

War Remnants Museum FAQs

Where is the War Remnants Museum located?

The War Remnants Museum is located at 28 Vo Van Tan, Ward 6, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

What are the opening hours of the War Remnants Museum?

The War Remnants Museum is open daily from 7:30 AM to 6:00 PM.

How much is the entrance fee for the War Remnants Museum?

The entrance fee for the War Remnants Museum is 40,000 Vietnamese Dong (approximately 1.75 USD).

How much time should I allocate to visit the War Remnants Museum?

You should allocate approximately 1.5 to 2 hours to visit the War Remnants Museum, depending on your level of interest in the exhibits.

Is the War Remnants Museum suitable for children?

Some of the exhibits at the War Remnants Museum contain graphic images and content, which may not be suitable for young children. Parental discretion is advised.

Are there any facilities for disabled visitors at the War Remnants Museum?

Yes, the War Remnants Museum is wheelchair accessible and provides ramps and elevators for disabled visitors.

David Coleman / Photographer

David Coleman

I'm a freelance travel photographer based in Washington DC. Seven continents, up mountains, underwater, and a bunch of places in between. My images have appeared in numerous publications, and you can check out some of my gear reviews and tips here. More »